Purpose of this Session
The Bible defines sin in several ways, answering the question for us: What is sin?
i. “The thought of foolishness is sin” (Prov 24:9 KJV)
When satan and Adam entertained the foolish thought that they could be “as gods”, usurping the true God and His place of universal authority, even the thought was sin. The Bible says that the fool has said in his heart, “There is no God” (Psalm 14:1; 53:1). This is indeed the very sin that our eternal destiny hangs upon (John 16:8-9)
ii. “Whosoever committeth sin transgresseth also the law: for sin is the transgression of the law.” (1John 3:4 KJV)
Transgress means to pass across or go over a forbidden boundary.
iii. “All unrighteousness is sin…” (1John 5:17 KJV)
All that does not conform to the just standard of God falls short and is sin.
iv. “Therefore to him that knoweth to do good, and doeth it not, to him it is sin.” (James 4:17 KJV)
Sometimes referred to as sins of omission. Both satan and Adam knew to do good, according to God’s law, but chose not to.
v. “An high look, and a proud heart, and the plowing of the wicked, is sin.” (Prov 21:4 KJV)
All sin is rooted in pride and independence. When a man is not rightly related to God through faith, even his good deeds and worthy labours are tainted. A sinner can do nothing but sin; an inward transformation is required to sanctify every outward activity. As Isaiah said: “But we are all as an unclean thing, and all our righteousnesses are as filthy rags; and we all do fade as a leaf; and our iniquities, like the wind, have taken us away.” (Is 64:6 KJV)
vi. “…whatsoever is not of faith is sin.” (Rom 14:23 KJV)
To not believe and act upon the word of God is sin. Also, to transgress our conscience in any matter is to step into an area of sin.
Hebrew words for sin
Sin: Hebrew: chattah
An offence, sometimes habitual sin, and its penalty. To miss, to sin, to forfeit, to lack
Transgression: Hebrew: “pawsah”
To break away from just authority; trespass, quarrel, revolt
Iniquity: Hebrew: “avown”
Trespass: Hebrew: “asham”
To be guilty, a fault
Greek words for sin
Several words are used to describe or define sin in the New Testament. The main ones are as follows.
Sin or sins. Used 174 times in the NT.
“To miss the mark; to seek to obtain results beyond the limits of ones capabilities.” Refers both to the inner principle of sin and its outward expression; both the power of sin and its fruit.
to transgress, to step beyond or cross a line or boundary.
to fall aside or fall away from, to deviate or fall away from uprightness
The Bible defines sin as a missing of the mark; disobedience to what is right and just; the non-observance of a law; the crossing of a boundary line; falling away from righteousness.